Budaddiyar wasika ta tallafi ga TPAN

56 Tsoffin shugabannin duniya sun goyi bayan Yarjejeniyar don Haramta Makaman Nukiliya

21 Satumba na 2020

Cutar kwayar cutar coronavirus ta nuna karara cewa ana bukatar babban haɗin gwiwar ƙasa da ƙasa don magance duk wata babbar barazana ga lafiyar da lafiyar ɗan adam. Babban cikinsu shine barazanar yakin nukiliya. A yau, haɗarin fashewar makamin nukiliya - walau haɗari, kuskure ko ganganci - ga alama yana ƙaruwa, tare da ƙaddamar da sabbin nau'ikan makaman nukiliya kwanan nan, watsi da yarjejeniyoyi da suka daɗe kan sarrafawa makamai da kuma haɗarin gaske na kai hari kan kayan nukiliya. Bari mu saurari gargadin da masana kimiyya, likitoci da sauran masana sukayi. Dole ne mu daina yin tafiya cikin rikici har ma fiye da wanda muka fuskanta a wannan shekara. 

Ba abu mai wahala a hango yadda maganganu na tashin hankali da mummunan hukunci daga shugabannin ƙasashe masu makaman nukiliya na iya haifar da bala'in da zai iya shafar dukkan ƙasashe da sauran mutane. A matsayin tsoffin shugabannin kasa, tsoffin ministocin harkokin waje da tsoffin ministocin tsaro na Albania, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Koriya ta Kudu, Spain da Turkiya - dukkansu suna ikirarin kariya daga makaman nukiliya na kawance - suna kira ga shugabannin yanzu da su yunkuro don kwance damarar tun kafin lokaci ya kure. Tabbatacciyar hanyar farawa ga shugabannin ƙasashenmu ita ce bayyana ba tare da ajiyar cewa makaman nukiliya ba su da wata manufa ta halal, walau ta soja ko dabaru, dangane da 
bala'in ɗan adam da sakamakon muhalli na amfani da shi. A takaice dai, dole ne kasashenmu su yi watsi da duk wata rawar da aka ba makaman nukiliya a tsaronmu. 

Ta hanyar iƙirarin cewa makaman nukiliya suna kare mu, muna inganta imani mai haɗari da ɓatarwa cewa makaman nukiliya suna inganta tsaro. Maimakon barin ci gaba zuwa ga duniyar da ba ta da makaman nukiliya, muna hana ta da kuma ci gaba da haɗarin nukiliya, duk don tsoron ɓata ran abokanmu waɗanda ke jingina da waɗannan makaman ɓarnar. Koyaya, aboki na iya kuma yakamata yayi magana yayin da wani aboki ya aikata halaye na sakaci wanda zai sanya rayuwarsu da ta wasu cikin haɗari. 

A bayyane yake, wani sabon tseren makamai na nukiliya yana gudana kuma ana buƙatar tseren kwance ɗamarar gaggawa. Lokaci ya yi da za a kawo karshen dindindin ga zamanin dogaro da makaman nukiliya. A cikin 2017, ƙasashe 122 sun ɗauki matakin ƙarfin hali da ake buƙata ta wannan hanyar ta hanyar bin ƙa'idodin Yarjejeniyar kan haramtacciyar makaman nukiliya, wata muhimmiyar yarjejeniya ta duniya wacce ta sanya makaman nukiliya bisa tsarin doka kamar yadda 
makamai masu guba da na ilmin halitta, kuma ya kafa tsarin yadda za a tabbatar da kawar da su da ba za a iya magance su ba. Ba da daɗewa ba zai zama dokar ƙasa da ƙasa mai ɗaurewa. 

Har wa yau, kasashenmu sun zabi kada su bi sahun manyan kasashen duniya wajen tallafawa wannan yarjejeniya, amma wannan matsaya ce da ya kamata shugabanninmu su sake tunani. Ba za mu iya samun damar rawar jiki ba yayin fuskantar wannan barazanar da ke akwai ga bil'adama. Dole ne mu nuna jaruntaka da kalamai sannan mu shiga yarjejeniyar. A matsayin mu na Jam’iyyun Jihohi, za mu iya kasancewa cikin ƙawance da Jihohi masu mallakar makaman nukiliya, tunda babu wani abu a cikin yarjejeniyar kanta ko a cikin yarjeniyoyinmu na kariya don hana wannan. Koyaya, za a tilasta mana, ba tare da kowane irin yanayi ba, don taimakawa ko ƙarfafa abokanmu don amfani, barazanar amfani ko mallakan makaman nukiliya. Idan aka ba da cikakken goyon baya a cikin ƙasashenmu na kwance ɗamarar yaƙi, wannan zai zama matakin jayayya da matuƙar yabo. 

Yarjejeniyar hana amfani da ita muhimmiyar ƙarfafa yarjejeniya ce ta hana yaduwar makamai, wanda yanzu yakai rabin karni kuma wanda, duk da cewa ya samu gagarumar nasara wajen dakile yaduwar makaman kare dangi zuwa karin kasashe, amma ya kasa kafa wata dokar ta hana mallakar makamin nukiliya. Kasashe biyar masu dauke da makaman nukiliya wadanda suka mallaki makaman nukiliya lokacin da aka sasanta yarjejeniyar ta NPT - Amurka, Rasha, Biritaniya, Faransa, da China - kamar suna ganin hakan a matsayin lasisi na ci gaba da rike makamansu na nukiliya har abada. Maimakon kwance ɗamarar yaƙi, suna saka hannun jari sosai wajen haɓaka kayan aikinsu, tare da shirye-shiryen riƙe su shekaru da yawa. Wannan ba a yarda da shi ba. 

Yarjejeniyar ban da aka amince da ita a cikin 2017 na iya taimakawa ƙarshen shekarun da suka gabata na nakasa makamai. Fitila ce ta bege a lokacin duhu. Yana ba ƙasashe damar biyan kuɗi zuwa babbar ƙa'idar ƙasa da ƙasa ta yaƙi da makaman nukiliya da kuma matsa lamba ga ƙasashen duniya su yi aiki. Kamar yadda mukaddiminsa ya fahimta, illar makaman nukiliya “wuce iyakokin ƙasa, suna da mummunan sakamako game da rayuwar ɗan adam, muhalli, ci gaban zamantakewar tattalin arziki, tattalin arziƙin duniya, wadatar abinci da kiwon lafiyar na yanzu da na gobe masu zuwa. , kuma suna da tasiri mara kyau akan mata da 'yan mata, koda sakamakon ionizing radiation.'

Tare da kusan makaman nukiliya 14.000 da suke a wurare da yawa a duniya da kuma a kan jiragen ruwa da ke sintiri a cikin tekuna a kowane lokaci, ƙarfin hallaka ya wuce tunaninmu. Wajibi ne duk shugabanni da ke da ƙima su yi aiki yanzu don tabbatar da cewa ba a sake maimaita abubuwan firgita na 1945. Ba da daɗewa ba, sa'armu za ta ƙare sai dai idan mun yi aiki. Da Yarjejeniyar kan haramtacciyar makaman nukiliya ya kafa tushe ga duniya mafi aminci, ba tare da wannan barazanar ba. Dole ne mu rungume shi yanzu kuma muyi aiki don wasu su shiga. Babu magani don yakin nukiliya. Abinda kawai muke da shi shine mu hana shi. 

Lloyd Axworthy, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Kanada 
Ban Ki-moon, tsohon Sakatare Janar na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Koriya ta Kudu 
Jean-Jacques Blais, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Kanada 
Kjell Magne Bondevik, tsohon Firayim Minista kuma tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Norway 
Ylli bufi, tsohon Firayim Minista na Albania 
Jean Chrétien, tsohon Firayim Ministan Kanada 
Willy claes, tsohon Sakatare Janar na NATO kuma tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Belgium 
Erik derycke, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Belgium 
Joschka Fischer, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Jamus 
Franco Frattini, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Italiya 
Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Iceland 
Bjørn Tore Godal, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Waje kuma tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Norway 
Bill graham, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Waje kuma tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Kanada 
Hatoyama Yukio, tsohon Firayim Ministan Japan 
Thorbjørn Jagland, tsohon Firayim Minista kuma tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Norway 
Ljubica Jelušič, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Slovenia 
Tālavs Jundzis, tsohon Ministan Tsaron Kasashen Waje na Latvia 
Jan Kavan, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Jamhuriyar Czech 
Lodz Krapež, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Slovenia 
Rariya Valdis Kristovskis, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Waje kuma tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Latvia 
Aleksander Kwaśniewski, tsohon Shugaban kasar Poland 
Yves Makamashi, tsohon Firayim Minista kuma tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Belgium 
Enrico Letta, tsohon Firayim Ministan Italiya 
Eldbjørg Løwer, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na kasar Norway 
Mogens Lykketoft, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Denmark 
John mccallum, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Kanada 
John manley, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Kanada 
Rexhep Meidani, tsohon Shugaban kasar Albania 
Zdravko Mršić, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Kuroshiya 
Linda Mūrniece, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Latvia 
Nano Fatos, tsohon Firayim Minista na Albania 
Holger K. Nielsen, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Denmark 
Andrzej Olechowski, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Poland 
Kjeld Olesen, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Waje kuma tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Denmark 
Ana Palacio, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Spain 
Theodoros Pangalos, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Girka 
Jan Pronk, tsohon (mai rikon mukamin) Ministan Tsaro na Netherlands 
Vesna Pusić, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Kuroshiya 
Dariusz rosati, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Poland 
Rudolf yana yin rubutu, tsohon Ministan Tsaron Jamus 
Juraj Schenk, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Slovakia
Nuno Severiano Teixeira, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Portugal
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, tsohon Firayim Minista na Iceland 
Össur Skarphéðinsson, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Iceland 
Javier Solana, tsohon Sakatare Janar na NATO kuma tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Spain 
Anne-Grete Strøm-Erichsen, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na kasar Norway 
Hanna suchocka, tsohon Firayim Ministan Poland 
Szekeres Imre, tsohon Ministan Tsaron Hungary 
Tanaka makiko, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Japan 
Tanaka naoki, tsohon Ministan Tsaro na Japan 
Danilo Türk, tsohon shugaban kasar Slovenia 
Hikmet Sami Türk, tsohon Ministan Tsaron Turkiyya 
John N. Turner, tsohon Firayim Ministan Kanada 
Guy Verhofstadt, tsohon Firayim Ministan Belgium 
Knut Vollebæk, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Norway 
Carlos Westendorp da Shugaban, tsohon Ministan Harkokin Wajen Spain 

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